IELTS Listening, Reading, Writing Capitalisation Rules

Some people may tell you that there are far more than just ten rules of capitalization in English, and with everything that you have to remember, that may be true. Others may say that there are only three rules, and they are also correct. The truth is that, depending on how you organize the rules, the rules of capitalization may be many or few.
Most of the things we capitalize in English are what we call proper nouns. They are the names of specific, unique things.
 If you are talking about one specific mountain (Mt. Fuji), state (Idaho) or street (Atlantic Ave.), use a capital letter for every word in the name.
 However, when you are talking about a common thing of which there are many – like a mountain, a state or a street – don’t use a capital letter for those words.
Capitals are not used for articles (a, an, the) or prepositions (of, on, for, in, to, with, etc.).

1. Names of individuals

This one may appear glaringly evident, but on the other hand, there’s a trick. Obviously, you underwrite the principal letters of an individual’s first, center, and last names (John Quincy Adams), however, you additionally underwrite postfixes (Jr., the Great, Princess of Power, and so on) and titles.

Titles can be as basic as Mr., Mrs., or then again Dr., yet they additionally apply to circumstances wherein you address an individual by their situation like it’s their first name. For instance, when we talk about President Lincoln, we are utilizing his function like it was a piece of his name. We don’t generally underwrite the word president. To be sure, we could state, “During the Civil War, President Lincoln was the leader of the United States.”

2. Names of mountains, mountain reaches, slopes, and volcanoes

Once more, we’re discussing explicit spots. The word ‘slope’ is certifiably not a formal person, place, or thing, yet Gellert Hill is on the grounds that it’s the name of one explicit slope. Utilize a capital letter to start each word for the sake of a mountain (Mt. Olympus), mountain range (the Appalachians), slope (San Juan Hill), or well of lava (Mt. Vesuvius).

3. Names of waterways (streams, lakes, seas, oceans, streams, and brooks)

From here, it gets pretty simple. The very guidelines that apply to mountain names additionally apply to water names. A waterway is only a stream, yet the Mississippi River is a formal person, place, or thing and should be promoted, much the same as Lake Erie, the Indian Ocean, and the Dead Sea.

4. Names of structures, landmarks, extensions, and passages

Man-made structures likewise regularly have names. The White House, the Eiffel Tower, the Statue of Liberty, the Golden

Door Bridge and the Lincoln Tunnel are a couple of genuine models.

5. Road names

Underwrite both the real name part of the name (Capital) and the street part of the name (Boulevard); both are vital for shaping the whole name of the road (Capital Boulevard).

6. Schools, schools and colleges

The entirety of the words for the sake of the instructive establishment should be promoted. For instance, Harvard University, Wilkesboro Elementary School, Cape Fear Community College.

7. Political divisions (mainlands, areas, nations, states, regions, urban communities, and towns)

Just like the case with areas of a nation, the divisions may not generally be political, yet you get the thought. At the point when you allude to New England, the Midwest, the Pacific Northwest, or the South as a district (instead of a compass heading), you underwrite it. Additionally, landmasses (South America), nations (Belgium), states (Wisconsin), districts (Prince William County), urban communities (London), and towns (Lizard Lick) get promoted.

8. Titles of books, motion pictures, magazines, papers, articles, tunes, plays, and show-stoppers

This present one’s a little precarious when ‘and,’ articles or relational words are included. On the off chance that ‘the’ will be the main word in the given name of a work, it should be promoted (The Washington Post, The Glass Menagerie). In the event that ‘a’ or ‘an’ is the primary word, it also is promoted (A Few Good Men), and if a relational word drives the way, you got it: Capitalized (Of Mice and Men). In any case, if any of these words come in the title, it isn’t promoted.

9. The primary letter in a sentence

The last two standards are simple. Continuously underwrite the primary letter of a sentence. On the off chance that the sentence is a citation inside a bigger sentence, underwrite it, yet just if it’s a finished sentence. In the event that it’s only an expression that fits conveniently into the bigger sentence, it doesn’t need capitalization. Study the accompanying two models for explanation:

— The server stated, “My director will be here quickly,” yet he never came.

— The server revealed to us that his director would “be here right away,” however he never came.

10. The pronoun I

It’s simply important to underwrite different pronouns when they start a sentence, yet ‘I’ is constantly promoted.

Now it is hard to remember these 10 rules right? Let’s make it east to understand

— F – First letter in a sentence
— B – Buildings (and other man-made structures)
— B – Borders (of regions, states, countries, etc.)
— T – Titles
— P – People
— I– I
— S – Schools
— W – Water
— M – Mountains
—  S – Streets
And there you have it. Whether you think ofEnglish

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